This is good news for retirees and other foreigners who live here and for those thinking of relocating to Costa Rica. Almost everybody knows Costa Rica abolished its army over fifty years ago, thus paving the way for a peaceful existence. No other country I Latin America has these credentials.
Global peace Index or GPI which was just published and gave Costa Rica a high ranking. The report was made by the Institute for Economy and Peace which is an international organization that measures peace and human rights in the world. The institute takes into account 23 variables including military expenditures, relationships with neighboring countries, the degree of human rights, democracy, the type of government and access to health care and education.
The report praises Costa Rica’s abolition of the military, democracy and universal health care and education.
It is interesting that Uruguay was the only country to finish ahead of Costa Rica in Latin America and they have a military. The Armed Forces of Uruguay (Fuerzas armadas del Uruguay or FF.AA. del Uruguay) consist of an army, navy, and air force. The country’s armed forces consists of: 14,500 troops for the army; 6,000 for the navy; and 3,000 for the air force. These three branches are constitutionally subordinate to the president through the Minister of Defense. From 1973-1985 Uruguay’s military carried out a so-called “Dirty War. “ Hundreds of innocent civilins disappeared during this period. There was a movie about Uruguay’s problems at the time and is called “State of Siege.” It was directed by Costa-Gavras’ and recreated the true story of the interrogation of a CIA case officer by unnamed urban revolutionaries. The movie is considered a classic and unsettling political thriller.
Based on Uruguay’s past problems , I am really surprised that Costa Rica finished second to Uruguay in the list of peaceful nations. Costa Rica never has had to deal with anything like a dirty way. That’s why more American’s live here proportionately than any other country outside of the United States and the country is Latin America’s #1 retirement haven.